La relación entre comprensión lectora y vocabulario receptivo en estudiantes chilenos un estudio exploratorio

Contenido principal del artículo

José Pablo Pezoa
Pelusa Orellana

Resumen

Si bien la bibliografía especializada ha descrito la existencia de un efecto posiblemente no causal entre vocabulario receptivo y comprensión lectora, y la posibilidad de un efecto acumulativo entre lectura de palabras y vocabulario, no se ha explorado si el efecto de vocabulario receptivo en comprensión lectora es invariante según los niveles de vocabulario receptivo, sexo y dependencia del colegio en la población chilena de quinto año básico. La muestra se conformó por 553 estudiantes balanceados en sexo y dependencia escolar, a los que se le aplicaron test de comprensión lectora y vocabulario. Los análisis realizados mediante regresiones spline muestran que, cuando los estudiantes obtienen puntajes en vocabulario receptivo cercanos a 30 ítems correctos en el instrumento EVOC, el efecto de vocabulario receptivo sobre comprensión lectora es nulo o mucho menor que cuando los estudiantes tienen mayores niveles de vocabulario receptivo. Estos hallazgos son un insumo a la hora de evaluar la factibilidad de intervenciones que busquen mejorar la comprensión a través de vocabulario.

Detalles del artículo

Cómo citar
Pezoa, J. P., & Orellana, P. (2021). La relación entre comprensión lectora y vocabulario receptivo en estudiantes chilenos: un estudio exploratorio. Ocnos. Revista De Estudios Sobre Lectura, 20(2), 7-20. https://doi.org/10.18239/ocnos_2021.20.2.2407
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