Cómo futuros maestros proponen acciones de mejora al analizar respuestas de alumnos de Primaria a problemas de generalización de patrones [How future teachers propose improvement actions when analyzing responses from primary students to problems of patterns generalization]

Alberto Zapatera Llinares

Resumen


Resumen:

El objetivo de esta investigación es estudiar cómo estudiantes para maestro (EPM) proponen acciones para mejorar el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de alumnos de Primaria a partir del análisis de sus respuestas a un problema de generalización de patrones. Las acciones propuestas por los EPM se clasificaron en tres categorías: actitudinales, genéricas y concretas. Los resultados muestran que algunos EPM se limitan a hacer comentarios sobre la actitud de los alumnos, que los EPM proponen más acciones a los alumnos que tienen dificultades en la resolución de los problemas y que pocos EPM son capaces de plantear acciones de forma concreta especificando una tarea. Como conclusión se reconoce que uno de los aspectos a mejorar en la formación y desarrollo profesional de maestros es la capacidad para proponer acciones adecuadas para mejorar la enseñanza-aprendizaje de los alumnos.
Palabras clave: acciones de mejora, desarrollo profesional, estudiantes para maestro, mirada profesional, generalización de patrones

 

Abstract:

The aim of this research is to study how Prospective Primary Teachers (PPT) propose actions to improve the teaching-learning process of Primary students through the analysis of real answers to patterns generalization problems. The actions proposed by the PPT were classified into three categories: attitudinals, generics and concretes. In the results it was observed that some PPTs are limited to commenting on the attitude of the students, that the PPTs propose more actions to the students that have difficulties in the resolution of the problems and that few PPTs are able to plant actions in a concretes way specifying a task. In conclusion, it is recognized that one of the aspects to improve in the training and professional development of teachers is the ability to propose appropriate actions to improve the teaching-learning of the students.
Keywords: actions to improve, professional development, prospective primary teachers, professional noticing, patterns generalization


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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18239/ensayos.v33i2.1591

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